Where clarity is required, the apostrophe is used to separate syllables — just like a Glottal Stop, IPA symbol: ʔ. So, the second second syllable sounds just like it would if it were a separate word. Example: so that “z’ha” isn’t confused with the “zh” described below.
Some foreign terms are compound words: words comprised of other words, that together make a new word with a new meaning. For clarity, the hyphen separates the component words.
« » GUILLEMET
These bracket the non-verbal speech of Zmee which they communicate by means of their facial tendrils. While not as sophisticated as their vocal speech, many common expressions are shorthanded this way — similar to, but far more extensive than human hand gestures.
[ ] BRACES
The Wahoona,and some tribes of the Ish to a much lesser extent, have an extensive hand sign-language. Where such are used, the braces are used as quotation markers for the concept being conveyed. For example, a single hand gesture [Get down!] can indicate the need to crouch low and hide.